Adaptation

Angola is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and some territories are already experiencing frequent episodes of extreme weather events of concern such as droughts or floods, as well as coastal degradation. To address these issues, Angola has developed several national plans and strategies and identified agriculture & fisheries, water resources, coastal zones, ecosystems & biodiversity, and health as key priority areas for adaptation. 

Key Adaptation Policies & Reports
Adaptation Options for Key Sectors
  • Develop community and school gardens. 

  • Use the national collection of local seeds in programs to improve and create adapted local varieties. 

  • Conduct a study on the impact of changing geographical distributions of animal diseases (infectious and parasitic). 

  • Reinforce inspection and monitoring of occupation of territory located in areas at high risk of flooding in coastal areas. 

  • Improve the management of existing conservation areas and continue the process of creating new areas. 

  • Develop models to analyze the effects of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystems based on national and regional climate change scenarios. 

  • Conduct studies on the impact of climate change on fishing productivity and coastal economies. 

  • Assess the defense capacity of existing protection structures in risk areas. 

  • Analyze the feasibility of investments for the construction of new protection structures against sea level rise. 

  • Develop forest fire prevention actions. 

  • Implement early warning systems, involving the Civil Protection and the National Institute of Meteorology, in order to reinforce public health contingency and emergency plans in the face of the effects of extreme weather events. 

  • Continuously update territorial register for soil instability and landslide of key infrastructure to reduce disaster risks. 

  • Map human settlements at risk of flooding and erosion. 

  • Develop characterization studies of hydrographic basins and groundwater. 

  • Increase the number of meteorological and hydro metrological stations to improve monitoring of rainfall and watersheds. 

  • Create water drainage systems in high-risk areas. 

  • Build flood protection barriers along the main rivers (nature-based solutions or physical barriers). 

  • Implement a water collection and storage system in drought-prone areas to ensure continuity of supply for human consumption and water for livestock. 

  • Implement water quality monitoring systems at the main sources for drinking water. 

  • Improve existing wastewater collection and treatment systems and build new systems in underserved areas focusing on urban areas with a high concentration of population.